What Is Neonatal Care?
Neonatal Care is the type of care given to sick or premature babies. Neonatal units in hospitals provide this care.
All newborns need essential care in order to maintain their health and have maximum growth and development. Essential care includes- warmth, normal breathing, mother’s milk, and prevention of infection.
Neonatal Units And Their Levels
There are 4 levels of neonatal units in hospitals. These units provide care for babies born prematurely (before 37 weeks gestation). They also help in the treatment of babies with low birth weight or a medical condition. The levels may be as follows:
- 1st Level: New-born nursery
- Level II: Special care nursery
- 3rd Level: Neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU)
- Level IV: Regional neonatal intensive-care unit (Regional NICU)
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
Neonates with health problems transfer to NICU within 24 hours of birth. Further here, the infant receives around-the-clock care from a team of experts. So, stay depends on the health condition of the neonate. However, some babies stay only a few hours or days; others stay weeks or months.
Conditions requiring NICU
NICU is important for infants experiencing:
- Prematurity (About 10% Of Newborns Need Special Care After Birth Due To Prematurity)
- Respiratory Disorders.
- Low Blood Sugar (Glucose)
- Severe infections
- Heart problems.
- Metabolic disorders.
- Including birth defects that may require surgery.
Problems In Newborns
Newborn may develop problems:
- Before Birth While The Fetus Is Growing
- During Labor And Delivery
- After Birth
This is why it is important to follow proper care guidelines. It is a must to track health during and after pregnancy.
A proper diagnosis before birth proves to be helpful for certain health defects. This allows the mother and medical professionals to uptake necessary measures.
Gestational age is the estimation of the term of the pregnancy. It is the number of weeks between the first day of the mother’s last menstrual period and the day of delivery. It plays an important role in determining the health of the newborn. This is because it shows the neonate’s degree of physical maturity at birth.
Classification Of Infants On The Basis Of Gestational Age
Newborns may be grouped on the basis of gestational age. The grouping may be as follows:
- Pre-Term: Delivered Before 37 Weeks Of Gestation
- Full Term: Delivered At 37 To Before 41 Weeks Of Gestation
- Late Term: Delivered At 41 To Before 42 Weeks Of Gestation
- Post Term: Delivered At 42 Weeks Or More Of Gestation
Pre-Term Babies And Birth Complications
Preterm and intrapartum-related birth complications account for the greatest number of neonatal deaths. For example, for the first 5 years of life, the main causes of death are pneumonia, diarrhea, birth defects, and malaria. Premature babies are at higher risks of contracting these conditions.
Premature babies have an increased chance of developing disorders. Also, these disorders may affect various organ systems in the body and may lead to their failure. Hence, these babies need special treatment and care.
Infections In Neonates
Infection in neonates is a very serious concern. This is because the immune system is not strong enough to deal with foreign bodies. Any and every infection caused is potent enough to be fatal and may contribute to long-term morbidity and disability.
The most common infections in newborns are caused by Group B streptococcus. This bacterium causes a wide range of infections. The most common ones include- sepsis, pneumonia, and meningitis.
Signs Of Discomfort In Neonates
A newborn may show one or more of the following symptoms when facing health problems.
- Blue, Pale, Blotchy, Or Ashen (Grey) Skin.
- Is Hard To Wake Up, Or Appears Disoriented Or Confused.
- Is Crying Constantly And You Cannot Console Or Distract Them. Thus, Cry Does Not Sound Like Their Normal Cry.
- Green Vomit.
- It also has A Febrile Seizure (Fit) For The First Time.
Above all signs and symptoms may serve as a diagnostic tool for underlying medical conditions.
Disorders In Neonates
Neonates are susceptible to almost all external factors. So, the physical strength of neonates is low. They may develop a range of life-threatening disorders.
Respiratory Disorders In Neonates
Some disorders that affect the lungs and breathing are as following:
- Apnea of prematurity
- Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
- Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
- Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension Of The Newborn
- Pneumothorax In Newborns
- Respiratory Distress Syndrome
- Also Transient Tachypnea Of The Newborn
Hemolytic Disorders In Neonates
Some disorders that affect blood include:
- Hemolytic Disease Of The Newborn
- Also, Polycythemia In The Newborn
Hormonal Disorders In Neonates
Some disorders that affect hormone levels of newborns include:
Hepatic And Gastrointestinal Disorders In Neonates
Some disorders that affect the gastrointestinal tract and liver include:
- Meconium ileus
- Meconium plug syndrome
- Also, Necrotizing enterocolitis
Diagnosis is a very important step that leads to appropriate, effective treatment. However, it is the process of understanding what is wrong with a patient and pointing out what is not working properly. This is also an important tool for the patient and the healthcare provider to advise and indulges in proper treatments. It also helps in understanding the future treatment options and health risks.
In babies, one may perform diagnosis at one of the two stages:
- Before Birth- Done Using Ultrasonography
- After Birth- Done With The Help Of Various Tests
A diagnosis before birth allows for an early resumption of medical conditions. This may be helpful in the long run.
Early detection of diseases may help in early intervention and treatment. Thus, it will aid in curing the condition or help in the betterment of the patient’s condition. It also helps in planning ahead. Helps to make important decisions to provide proper care and support to the newborn.
Power Of Right Diagnosis
The right diagnosis is of foremost importance for medical personnel and also for the patient. When made on time and communicated effectively, it is the key to the health of the patient.
The diagnosis process involves:
- Routine Physical Examinations,
- Measurement Of Oxygen Levels,
- Also, other tools based on the specific conditions of the neonate
Importance Of Appropriate Medical Equipment
Now that the importance of diagnosis is established, the importance of capable critical care equipment is also highlighted. Without appropriate neonatal care equipment, it would be quite challenging to administer required treatments and perform the required diagnostic techniques.
VNG Medical- The Best Choice of Medical Suppliers
Our Team at VNG Medical is an India-based company with expertise in the manufacture of neonatal medical equipment. VNG Medical manufactures also sells practical and tested quality medical devices. All the products are not only delivered timely but also follow a unique service regime. VNG Medical endeavors to become a benchmark for manufacturing top-grade products.
Range Of Services Offered By VNG Medical
VNG Medical hosts a range of medical equipment useful in all aspects of neonatal care. It provides:
- Jaundice Care Equipment
- Cooling Systems
- Warming Systems
- Respiratory Care Equipment
- Isolation Systems
- Maternal Care Equipment
Quality Assurance From VNG Medical
We at VNG Medical commit to bringing our customers high-end medical technology. So that, our range of capable products has excellent output in terms of medical assistance.
All the provided equipment is check for utmost quality and functionality.
This takes neonatal care to a whole another level. Bettering the health and livelihood of countless newborns.